Independence Day in Chad is celebrated on August 11.
Celebrating independence from France in 1960.
Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa and France began to establish their authority over Chad in 1890s through military expeditions.
The decisive colonial battle for the territory was fought in 1990, the Battle of Kousséri resulted in a decisive French victory.
Originally, Chad was part of French Equatorial Africa and was given a separate colonial status in 1920.
During World War II, Chad was the first French colony to support Free French Forces led by Charles de Gaulle rather than the Vichy government.
After the war, Chad was granted the right to elect an assembly with limited powers.
The first political parties began to emerge at this time.
In 1946, Chad was designated overseas territory of France.
In 1958, it became an autonomous republic within the French Community.
On August 11, 1960, Chad became a fully independent state.